Should I Cut Out Caffeine While Trying to Conceive?

Apr 08, 2024

Caffeine is a widely consumed stimulant found in various beverages like coffee, tea, and soda. Many women commonly question if caffeine intake can affect their fertility. The answer is not straight forward, but a study done by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) helps us answer this question. Let's dive into the findings of the study!

The NIH study analyzed the caffeine consumption and estrogen levels of women of different ethnicities. Asian women who consumed an average of 200 milligrams or more of caffeine per day exhibited elevated estrogen levels compared to those who consumed less. Conversely, white women consuming similar amounts had slightly lower estrogen levels. The results for black women were inconclusive, showing a tendency towards elevated estrogen levels but not reaching statistical significance.

When considering the source of caffeine individually, the findings varied. Consumption of more than one cup per day of caffeinated soda or green tea was associated with higher estrogen levels across all ethnic groups. However, coffee consumption mirrored the overall pattern, with Asian women showing elevated estrogen levels, white women showing lower levels, and inconclusive results for black women.

Importantly, despite the changes in estrogen levels, the study found no significant impact on ovulation among the participants. Previous animal studies had suggested a potential interference of caffeine with ovulation, but this was not observed in this study of reproductive-age women.

Dr. Enrique Schisterman, one of the study authors, highlighted the significance of caffeine consumption on estrogen levels, emphasizing its potential long-term effects on health. While short-term variations in estrogen levels may not have pronounced effects, long-term consumption of caffeine could influence estrogen levels over time. Considering that variations in estrogen levels are associated with various disorders, including endometriosis and certain cancers, understanding the role of caffeine in modulating estrogen levels is important.

The study highlights the importance of considering caffeine consumption in research related to estrogen-related disorders. With a significant proportion of women in the United States consuming caffeine daily, understanding its impact on estrogen levels can provide valuable insights into fertility status. 

The NIH study reflects on relationship between caffeine consumption and estrogen levels in reproductive-age women. While caffeine intake may influence estrogen levels differently across ethnic groups, its long-term effects on reproductive health are not completely clear. As individuals trying to conceive, it's essential to consider the potential impacts of caffeine consumption on fertility and overall health. Does cutting out caffeine lead to a pregnancy? Absolutely not! However it is important to consider what is best for you and your unique situation. 



Are you experiencing fertility struggles? Learn how we can help. 

Book a Fertility Strategy Session